Tribune News Service
Chandigarh, June 2Untimely and tragic deaths of Swaran Singh from Bharpurgarh village in Amloh, Punjab, and Shanti Devi from Solan, Himachal Pradesh, are extremely difficult to reconcile with for their families. Amid their immense grief, both families find some consolation in knowing that the death of their dear ones gave precious gift of life to some. The decision impacted eight lives with donation of liver, kidneys and corneas at the PGI. It was the fateful day of May 29 when Swaran Singh, 42, got critically injured after falling from a motorcycle. He sustained serious head injuries and fell unconscious. Initially, he was admitted to the Civil Hospital, Khanna. The family rushed him to the PGI on May 30. Swaran could not be revived and declared brain dead on the night of May 31. When it became clear that Swaran would not survive his head injuries, Navdeep Bansal, transplant coordinator at the PGI, approached Daljit Kaur, wife of deceased Swaran Singh, to request if she could consider organ donation. Daljit, along with her son Harman Singh, showcased immense grit and consented for organ donation. “There are no words to describe someone being in our position. I was thinking if we could save someone else from going through this, then let’s do it. At least, some other family will be saved from the trauma that we are facing today,” said Daljit. Following the family’s consent, transplant surgeons retrieved liver, kidneys and corneas from the donor, Swaran Singh, which on transplantation gave new lease of life to three terminally ill patients battling for life and gave the gift of sight to two others, thereby, helping five lives in all. The PGI witnessed equally magnanimous gesture from the family of Shanti Devi, 63, from Solan, Himachal Pradesh, when they consented for organ donation which resulted in saving the life of one patient suffering from end-stage renal failure. The corneas of the deceased will be used for another two patients at the PGI, thereby giving them sight and impacting their lives. The day of May 31 started as usual for Shanti Devi, but it ended with a tragedy. Shanti Devi, who was riding pillion on a scooter with her son Sunil, suddenly fell from the vehicle and received fatal head injuries. Seeing no improvement at the local hospital where Shanti Devi was admitted initially, the family immediately brought her to the PGI on that day itself without losing any time. However, the destiny had some other plan as Shanti finally succumbed to her injuries on June 1. The mishaps
Among four cancer-free people who tested positive, the United States authors say two women were diagnosed with ovarian and endometrial cancer just months later. "Clearly, this is just the beginning", Takabe said.
The test will use blood samples to search for cancer. The biopsy was reportedly most effective in detecting pancreatic, ovarian, liver, and gallbladder cancers, which are much more hard to treat if not diagnosed early.
The blood test involved three tests on the participants' blood samples and showed sensitivity in detecting 10 different types of cancer, including pancreatic, ovarian, lung and esophageal cancer, among others.
More than 360,000 people in the United Kingdom are diagnosed with cancer each year, meaning that one person is told they have the disease every two minutes. For example, although the test detected ovarian cancer with 90% accuracy, only 10 ovarian cancers in total were detected.
It was 77 per cent accurate in diagnosing lymphoma, 73 per cent accurate for myeloma and 80 per cent accurate for liver and gall bladder cancers. Lung cancer was correctly detected in 59% of patients, while head and neck cancer was detected in 56% of patients.
"The vast majority of medical practice is based upon chief complaint", meaning a patient's first report that's something's wrong, Takabe said, adding, "The excitement about these liquid biopsies is, can we screen people who have absolutely no symptoms, no complaints" but have something in their blood that could hint at cancer?
For many common cancers, rates of survival triple when diagnosed at an early stage, according to Cancer Research UK.
Professor Nicholas Turner, from the Institute of Cancer Research, London, described the findings as "really exciting" and could be used for "universal screening".
One of the tests, which used sequencing to detect non-hereditary mutations, performed the best.
Most cancers are detected at advanced stages when treatment is more complicated and cure rates are low, the conference abstract states. "It could be given to healthy adults of a certain age, such as those over 40, to see if they have early signs of cancer".