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In West Bengal, one more patient with mysterious fever, suspected to be infected by Nipah virus, was on Tuesday ( May 29) admitted to ID Hospital in Beliaghata here. Further, samples sent from cattle and pigs in the vicinity that were also sent tested negative for Nipah virus. This was the first NiV outbreak in South India. Doctors suspect the virus had spread from a 26-year-old, triggering an outbreak in Kozhikode.

According to the WHO report, 600 Nipah cases were reported in the world from 1998 to 2015.

"We had taken him to Domkol hospital, then to Baharampur and finally here after consultation with the medics there", they said. A multi-disciplinary team led by the Indian Government's National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is in Kerala in response to the outbreak.

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Symptoms of the infection include fever, headache, drowsiness, respiratory illness, disorientation and mental confusion, and patients progress into a coma within 24-48 hours.

The good thing is the government of India has capacity to deal with Nipah.

However, the disease itself was contained quickly before it could become an outbreak.

"Most of the devastating infectious diseases in human history began as infections that spilled over from animals and people and then acquired the capacity for efficient person-to-person transmission", he explained. And despite there being an abundance of the type of bat that carries Nipah, the body of evidence suggests that the virus is rarely found even in these bats.


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Apart from this, another person has been tested positive for the infection in Kozhikode, PTI said.

To check further spread of the virus, directions have been given to officials to observe and monitor all those persons who had come in touch with the Nipah patients and are likely to be affected.

Reopening of schools in the two districts had earlier been postponed to June 5.

"Till such time the report from the NIV in Pune is received it can not be confirmed whether it was a case of Nipah virus or not", the spokesman said. The objective was to avoid crowding of people, the official said.

Two new cases of the deadly brain-damaging Nipah virus have been confirmed in the southern Indian state of Kerala, where another two people were killed by the virus, a health official said on Thursday. Even the health department in Kerala has issued advisory for people travelling to the state and urged travellers to be extra cautious while visiting Kozhikode, Malappuram, Wayanad, and Kannur districts, according to Business Standard.

The central experts from the National Centre for Disease Control are continuing to evaluate the situation and taking necessary measures, said a press release quoting the minister. Her body fluids were sent to Manipal medical college for test on Friday.

In Kolkata, a 28-year-old soldier from Kerala, who was posted at Fort William, Kolkata, died of suspected Nipah virus last week.

Director of Health Services Dr R.L. Saritha said the condition of the afflicted persons remained unchanged.

Necessary protective gears, including masks and gloves, have been provided to the hospital staff.

Earlier, cases of Nipah virus were reported from Siliguri in 2001 and Nadia in 2007 in the eastern state of West Bengal and around 47 deaths were reported. Two people, who died of Nipah infection, had undergone treatment at this hospital.

Large-scale awareness campaigns are also being held in the two districts.

The two new Nipah cases in Kerala take the total number of confirmed cases to 17, Kozhikode district medical officer V. Jayashree told Reuters.

Following the death of a superintendent of Kozhikode district court complex due to Nipah, the district bar association asked the collector to stop the functioning of the district court for the time-being.


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