The high level of carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke reduces the amount of oxygen the blood carries, causing vital organs such as heart, lungs, brain don't receive enough oxygen to perform everyday functions.
"The tobacco industry continues to aggressively promote the use of tobacco products and to hide the dangers of tobacco use; but, we are fighting back to help prevent this ongoing devastation".
Duncan Selbie, chief executive of Public Health England, said the United Kingdom has the second lowest smoking rate in Europe after Sweden, which proves that the Government's tobacco-control policies are effective.
The World No Tobacco Day is an annual occasion marked on the 31 of May.
The tobacco-free standards were also implemented at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
As the world celebrates the 2018 World No Tobacco Day, WTD, today, the Regional Director, World Health Organisation, WHO, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, said tobacco epidemic constitutes one of the biggest public health threats, killing over seven million people yearly.
The Charity noted that: "e-cigarettes are nearly certainly far safer than smoking, as they do not contain tobacco".
The FSFW global survey, comprising 17,000 participants across 13 countries, also indicates enormous challenges in creating a one-size-fits-all approach to quit smoking. Most of the cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and cancer types, including some 80-85% of lung cancer are caused by long-term smoking.
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It said lack of awareness about the risks of tobacco use was most common in low and middle-income countries. "We urge the government to take immediate action such as enforce the long delayed 85 percent Pictorial Health Warning (PHW) on cigarette packs to inform about health hazards associated with tobacco use", he said and adding "We need to caution the smokers and others around him on priority basis".
The global health agency, in the report by health experts, said spreading the message that tobacco caused deadly illnesses such as heart disease and stroke helped prevent "needless" loss of life. Let us choose health, not tobacco, Moeti advised.
Support hotlines have been set up and a tax hike has been mooted to tackle smoking in Vietnam, where more than 100 people are killed by smoking-related diseases per day.
"Progress is uneven in protecting consumers from the tobacco industry, " Bettcher said.
WHO estimates that the prevalence of smoking across the world has dropped from 27 per cent at the turn of the century to 20 per cent in 2016.
Another study from UPenn found that it costs employers, on average, ,813 dollars more per year to employ a smoker compared to a non-smoker.
Masses of smokers are instead turning to e-cigarettes, with three million Britons now believed to use the battery-powered devices containing nicotine. But countries must do more to monitor tobacco use in all its forms - not only cigarette smoking.
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In the follow-ups, self-reported information on participation in intellectual pursuits within a month before assessment was collected.
Examples of intellectual activities were reading books, newspapers, or magazines; playing board games, Mahjong, or card games; and betting on horse racing.
Among the 15,582 individuals, 1349 (8.7%) developed dementia during a median follow-up period of five years.
“We found that late-life participation in intellectual activities was associated with lower risk of incident dementia several years later.
“This association was not fully explained by other health lifestyle practices (regular physical exercise, adequate fruit and vegetable intake, and not smoking) nor by a wide range of physical health problems and limitations (cardiovascular risk factors, depression, sensory impairments, and poor mobility).
“These findings suggest that active participation in intellectual activities can reduce the risk of, or delay the onset of, dementia.”
They found that not all types of leisure activities were associated with decreased risk of dementia.
In particular, they did not find an association between social or recreational activities and lower risk of dementia.
“It may be that, given the very high level of participation in recreational and social activities in our cohort, a ceiling effect might mask any association with risk of dementia,” they said.
“However, as these activities are in general more passive and less cognitively demanding than intellectual activities, we speculate that recreational and social activities might not be as effective as intellectual activities in preventing dementia.”
Given the growing older population worldwide, promoting regular engagement in intellectual activities might help delay or prevent dementia, they said.
Lee ATC, Richards M, Chan WC, Chiu HFK, Lee RSY, Lam LCW. Association of Daily Intellectual Activities With Lower Risk of Incident Dementia Among Older Chinese Adults. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online May 30, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0657
The study can be read here.
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